06 تیر 1401
محمد نادريان فر

محمد نادریان فر

مرتبه علمی: استادیار
نشانی: دانشگاه جیرفت
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / دکتری آبیاری و زهکشی
تلفن: 03443347066
دانشکده: دانشکده کشاورزی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
Estimation of the Wind Drift and Evaporation Losses in the Sprinkler Irrigation of Urban Green Spaces
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Irrigation of green spaces, line-source sprinkler irrigation system, Duncan's test, Trimmer method.
پژوهشگران محمد نادریان فر، ارسلان فاریابی، هادی دهقان

چکیده

The wind drift and evaporation losses (WDEL) is high in arid, semi-arid and windward areas, and reduce the efficiency of the sprinkler irrigation system; therefore, this study was carried out in order to achieve a practical criterion and provide a relationship for accurate estimation of the wind drift and evaporation losses in different atmospheric conditions. The experiments were done at the Meteorological Station of the Faculty of Agriculture of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad using a line-source sprinkler irrigation system based on the single sprinkler installation method. To achieve the objectives of this plan, factorial experiment was performed on PGP sprinkler with regard to the two factors, the pressure of the sprinkler function (with three levels 1.6, 2.5 and 3.4 bar) and the diameter of the nozzle (with three levels of 4, 5 and 6 mm) with three replications (morning, noon and night). Assessing the result of the data variance analysis showed that the effects of pressure, aperture diameter, and time on the wind drift and evaporation losses, are not significant. Investigating the main effects of this factors showed that the effect of aperture diameter on irrigation losses, is significant at the level of the 1%. In order to further investigate, the comparison of mean losses data in three aperture diameter was done using Duncan's test. The results indicated that aperture 4 with the losses of 44% had a significant difference with other diameters. This result suggests an increase in losses for smaller diameters due to the small droplets and the increase in wind drift. Also, the comparison of the mean losses data in three times showed that irrigation at noon with the losses of 44%, had a significant difference with other times due to a significant increase in temperature and radiation of the sun and saturation vapor pressure deficit, and there is no significant difference between morning and evening irrigation. Also, analysis of variance showed that the effect of wa